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Shooting

Basketball Shooting – Full guide to improve the shooting of your players

There is no point in having players who can dribble, pass, and are very good at team tactics if they do not know how to make a basketball shooting. We are all aware of the number of sentences of people from the basketball hall of fame that talk about shooting and persistence.

In the meanwhile, for me always have been a sentence that stayed in memory and many coaches forget that – if you want to succeed in basketball who must know how to put the ball in the basket.

How to shot the ball?

Upon every game situation and upon the zones where we shoot, the different types of shoots are going to be adjusted. Therefore, I divide the shooting into three types:

All the shots that we put the ball near the Basket. Examples: Normal layup, Floater, Reverse,…

  • Jump Shot

The shoot made by jumping in the air and shooting the ball before falling in the ground. Yet this type of shoot can be divided into three different types: Stopped (catching and shooting), in movement (running, catching and shooting) and for last a pull up (catching, dribbling, and shooting a jump shot). Examples: 3pt jump shot, 2pts jump shot, shooting after a stagger.  

  • Stopped

The same type of jump shoot but instead we do not jump from the floor. Example: Free Throw.

As the previous present, these types of shoots are adjusted upon each game situation, and each shooting zone – under the basket and close the basket is more common to see a layup, while in medium and long-distance is more common to see jump shots.  

How to improve basketball shooting?

The question that all coaches made when his team has a low shooting percentage is simples – how will my players score more?

The answer to the question is simples as the question – Key Points and Repetition. For our players to score more necessarily we need to know if they are shooting correctly, for that I define 4 key points in which we can qualify shooting technique.

  • Shooting Foot

The Foot of the shooting hand can and should be slightly in front of the opposite foot.

  • Hand under the Ball

The shooting hand as always to be under the ball. If the shooting hand is on top, the ball will fall, if the shooting hand is behind the ball, the shoot will be rectilinear

  • Follow Through

Keep the ball movement until the Basket is important so that the shoot comes out straight with the basket, ending the movement with the wrist down.

  • Elbow in line with Basket

Keeping your elbow in line with the basket is always the most difficult, it is very common to see players with their elbows out, perhaps because they saw some “star” on television shooting like this. So being careful to check and correct whether the elbow is in line with the basket is very important.

What to do to improve the shot?

To improve the shoot not only do we need to identify the key points that are being done well as those that are being done poorly but we also need to correct and repeat them. Therefore, we must follow different steps:

  1. Focus on learning the key points

This point, as we saw earlier, is the key to all others being successful. If we start building a house from the roof, it is more likely that it will not even stand up. Shooting it works the same way.

  1. Key Points Repetition

Repeat, repeat, and repeat the key points are the pillars of the construction of the house so that it never falls.

  1. Shooting volume diversifying shooting types.

After consolidating the key points, it is essential to focus on repeating the shooting. We have shooting volume so that it becomes increasingly solid.

  1. Shooting thinking about team tactics.

Finally and often at a very close stage in terms of performance, it is necessary to adapt the different types of shoots to the different shooting zones in team tactics. Never forgetting its volume and repetition, making that type of shoots increasingly consolidated.

Having said that, having completed the scheme, evaluated what are the key points necessary to correct I present 3 shooting drills:

1st drill: American Wheel

1st Drill: American Wheel

This exercise is very simple and quite adaptable to any team and any level. It aims to work the shoot under and near the basket on a marital basis.

The exercise begins with two columns to the extreme, all athletes with the ball except the first one column only. The player without the ball cuts to the basket upon completion and receives the ball from the first player in the column with the ball. Then, the player who made the first pass cuts to the basket to the opposite side of the previous player and receives the pass from the player who is in the row on the side to which he cuts. And always like this successively. It is possible and advisable to vary all types of finishes (normal pass, counter pass, euro-step, hoop pass, post-cut, direct block, …).

1st Drill: American Wheel

In the explanation presented, it only demonstrates the low pitch and close to the basket after passing, however, a ball can be added to the player without a ball and finished after the dribble, alternating between the first of each column to finish.

2nd Drill: Shooting in pairs

This drill is a drill focused on learning the key points. Its dynamics are quite simple, one player launches during a time limit in an area not far away (for beginners I recommend it inside the paint) and the other player catches the rebound and gives it back to the teammate. After the coach has indicated that the time limit has expired, they must switch roles. The two players must choose 3 positions. To counter the coaches’ difficulties in correcting all athletes (if there are many athletes by a coach), they can tell athletes to focus on just one key point, alternating from practice to practice the 4 key points previously defined.

3rd Drill: Shooting in Clock

3rd Drill: Shooting in Clock

This exercise is well known all over the world, but the variations and some limitations make this exercise essential. It is an exercise focused on the volume of the repetition of the shoot already at a stage in which the player has his technique of shooting well consolidated.

3rd Drill: Shooting in Clock

The exercise begins with one player shooting and another player catching the rebound and returning the ball to the teammate. After several attempts, players switch roles. However, some limitations can be made, if you have little time available, limiting the shooting by position to 1-minute will brings more control of the time spent on the exercise. Varying the types of shoots is also important, from the shoot after the reception, to shoot after a dribble, to shoot in motion (come running from midfield and shoot in position).

3rd Drill: Shooting in Clock

The last important point of this drill will be the recording of the shoots made, controlling the effectiveness of the shoot of each athlete.

Ready to improve your player’s pitch?

I hope you have understood the key points of the shot. More important than any drill, its dynamics, is the application and correction of key points. Remember that it is necessary to repeat, repeat, and repeat many times both the key points of the shot as well as the different types of shoots.

If you have already used these exercises, or defined these and other levels, or have any more ideas to add to those presented, leave your comment!

Good training!

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